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Volume 1, Number 18: Gambling Behaviors of Missouri College Students
In addition to providing information about student's health behaviors, the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey also provides information regarding students gambling behaviors. While most students would not be considered frequent gamblers, those who do are primed for additional campus services. This brief examines distinct differences between non-gamblers, occasional gamblers, and frequent gamblers. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 17: A Picture of Frequent Drinkers and Drivers
The MCHBS collects a significant amount of data on the drinking behavior of Missouri college students. This brief looks at those students who self-report frequently drinking and driving, and shows the different in consequences related to their drinking behavior when compared to the average Missouri college student.Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 16: Missouri College Students & Illegal Drug Use
The Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS) covers a variety of topics, including frequency of illegal substance use. This brief provides college student prevalence rates of bath salts, K2, cocaine, methamphetamines, inhalants and club drugs. The brief also examines negative consequences associated with illegal drug use. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 15: Mental Health Among Self-identified LGBQQ College Students
Missouri college students who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer and Questioning (LGBQQ) face unique stressors that affect their experiences differently than heterosexual students. Thanks in part to a Garrett Lee Smith Suicide Prevention Grant, Partners in Prevention is able implement suicide prevention strategies for this population of students, in order to better serve their mental health needs. This brief provides an overview of the mental health stressors experienced by this population on Missouri college campuses. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 14: Marijuana & Missouri College Students
The Partners in Prevention, Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS) inquires about various student health behaviors, including marijuana use. This brief provides information on the frequency and location of Missouri college student marijuana use from 2010 to 2012. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 13: Campus Membership in Partners in Prevention
Guidance and assistance from Partners in Prevention has helped institutions develop the capacity on their campuses to address risky health behaviors through the development of strategic plans and sustained campus community coalitions. PIP is comprehensive, influential, and effective, as documented by long-term evidence of success on both the statewide and local levels. Information in this brief provides an overview of benefits campuses have received as members of Partners in Prevention, as described by campus partners. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 12: Underage Students Accessing Alcohol: Trend Data
In 2005, campus communities across the state began implementing laws and policies in their communities which educate servers and sellers of alcohol about the consequences of serving to underage patrons or patrons who provide alcohol to minors. Since 2007, Partners in Prevention campuses have implemented evidenced-based strategies in their communities which hold students accountable for off-campus behavior and educate students about making safer choices when socializing off campus. With these changes, this brief looks at the trend data available to see the impact these policies have had on the campuses of Missouri’s public universities. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 11: Academic Effects of Student Drinking
Students’ consumption of alcohol can produce effects in both their personal and academic lives on campus. Using data from the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey, Grade Point Averages and other academic consequences of alcohol are examined. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 10: Missouri Student Veterans and Sense of Belonging on Campus
Thanks in part to a Garrett Lee Smith Suicide Prevention Grant from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Partners in Prevention implemented a new student-veteran specific survey. This brief uses information from this new assessment to gain insights on student-veteran engagement and belonging on six campuses across the state. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 9: Missouri College Students and Suicide
Suicide is a leading cause of death among college-age youth (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2011). Due to the alarming number of college-age students nationwide who die by suicide each year (1100), Partners in Prevention has incorporated questions related to suicide on the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS). Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 8: Texting and Driving Among Missouri College Students
Research on the topic indicates a growing problem with texting-related behaviors and traffic crashes, particularly among young drivers. If the recent rate of growth continues, beginning the conversation about texting while driving on Missouri campuses and implementing education on safe driving behaviors is a first step in changing the mindset of our young drivers. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 7: Non-Medical Use of Prescription Drugs Among Missouri College Students
According to the Missouri Department of Mental Health, drug-related deaths have risen in the state due to increased use of heroin and prescription pain medication among young adults. Missouri's data from the National Household Survey identifies the college-age group as the most frequent users of prescription drugs. This brief reviews MCHBS results for non-medical prescription drug use trends, reasons for use and perceived consequences. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 6: Tobacco Products & Missouri College Students
As many campuses consider the move towards a smoke free or tobacco free environments, it is important to examine the prevalence of tobacco usage of our college students. The Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS) asks students about their use of a variety of tobacco products, including hookah, e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes. The results of this data brief provide insight into both tobacco usage and poly usage of tobacco products through data gathered from the MCHBS. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 5: Missouri College Student Mental Health 2012
More than half of Missouri college students have experienced a mental health concern in the past year, with anxiety, sleep issues, and depression being the most common concerns. The results of this data brief will provide insight into the mental health concerns, including risk for suicidal thoughts and behavior, among students and 21 colleges and universities in Missouri. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 4: Involvement, Academics and Alcohol Among Missouri College Students
Involvement is often touted as a central component in students' retention, academics, and ability to create a sense of belonging on campus. Colleges encourage students to get involved in campus organizations with the expectation students will learn life lessons that are not always available within the classroom, and to further develop skills that will serve them in their life after graduation. The data in the brief examines differences in academics and alcohol usage of involved and non-involved Missouri college students. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 3: Trend Data Among Students Attending Public Universities in Missouri, 2007-2012
The results in the brief show changes in behavior due to alcohol use among students enrolled in 13 publicly funded universities in Missouri from 2007 to 2012. All results are taken from the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS). Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 2, Special Edition: Missouri Partners in Prevention, Missouri College Health Behavior Survey
To identify progress of our goals, and to obtain data for program implementation, PIP created the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS). The survey, modeled after the CORE Alcohol and Drug Survey, is an annual, online survey implemented each spring semester since 2007. Read more here!
Volume 1, Number 1: Introduction to Missouri's Higher Education Substance Abuse Consortium
Partners in Prevention is Missouri's higher education substance abuse consortium dedicated to creating healthy and safe college campuses. The unique composition brings together different perspectives on health promotion and prevention efforts. Read more here!
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Volume 2, Number 19: Key Findings for International Students on the MCHBS
International students face distinct challenges as non-permanent residents on the college and university campuses across the State of Missouri. While they are less than 5% of the student population, their needs and challenges are so diverse and unique that they undoubtedly require specific attention and resources. This brief seeks to identify more precisely the health behaviors of these students in order for campuses to prepare to provide health promotion services to these students.Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 18: Sexual Violence on College Campuses
According to data taken from the 2014 Missouri College Student Health Behavior Survey, 3.5% of Missouri college students disclosed experiencing non-consensual sexual contact against their will in the last year. National estimates of sexual assaults on college campuses range from 20-25% of students reporting sexual assault. The discrepancy between the MCHBS report and the national estimate shows that many victims of sexual assault are not reporting their victimization. This brief gives recommendations on how to increase reports of sexual assault, thus decreasing the hostile environment that many sexual assault survivors face.Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 17: Differences in Help Seeking Behaviors by Institutional Classification
According to data from the 2013 Missouri College Student Health Behavior Survey, students at Missouri colleges and universities have similar rates of stress, suicidal thoughts and asking for help. However, who students turn to for help differs by institution. This information suggests that colleges and institutions should examine where students go for help and then channel energy into those resources first. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 16: Prescription Drug Misuse: Reasons and Outcomes
The Missouri College Health Behavior Survey examines the reasons college students give for misusing prescription drugs and the outcomes students experience as a result of misuse. While students give a variety of reasons for misusing prescription drugs, unpredictable results remain a constant among all possible motives. Misusing prescription drugs is not creating the outcomes initially sought and is even causing conflicting effects for Missouri’s college students. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 15: Health Behaviors of Missouri College Students from Low-income Counties
PIP focuses on reducing high-risk behaviors, and tracks such progress through the implementation of the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS). The MCHBS is implemented annually and collects student demographic information and reported health behaviors, including alcohol use. Exploration of student responses from the 2013 survey identified striking differences in alcohol use and drug use when comparing students from Missouri’s 10 lowest income counties to students from Missouri’s 10 highest income counties who attend colleges and universities in Missouri. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 14: Student Sense of Belonging and Drinking
Sense of Belonging is emerging as a powerful construct in student affairs. “Belonging - with peers, in the classroom, or on campus is a crucial part of the college experience. In recognition of the potential interest in this construct, a “Sense of Belonging” scale was added to the 2013 MCHBS survey. When Sense of Belonging scores were compared to student drinking a paradox emerged. These analyses suggest that campuses should review their data in these areas when planning prevention programs. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 13: Gender Differences in Drinking on Missouri Campuses
Distinct patterns emerge when comparing data on gender and alcohol. When looking at gender differences in drinking, males are prone to drink more yet females are more likely to obtain a higher blood alcohol content (BAC) even when consuming less alcohol. The differences between protective behavior use among males and females is also vastly different. For the purposes of this brief, we only compared data from those identifying as male to those identifying as female. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 12: An Analysis of Student Drinking Behavior in Comparison to Student Living Arrangements
This brief analyzes the 2013 Missouri College Health Behavior Survey to determine whether there are differences in high-risk drinking based on the location of students’ living arrangements, such as off-campus, on-campus residence life settings, or Greek housing. In addition to the noticeable differences which were found, Partners in Prevention also determined that where students live is strongly associated with their choice of drinking location. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 11: Alcohol Related Behaviors Among Missouri College Student Athletes
The athletes on Missouri college campuses face unique circumstances when compared to the general student body. A look at the alcohol behaviors of Missouri college athletes shows a difference in both risky drinking behaviors and the use of protective behavior strategies. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 10: An Update on Texting and Driving Among Missouri College Students
Texting while driving encompasses the three main types of distraction – visual, manual and cognitive. It also reduces the driver’s focus from the road more frequently and for longer periods of time than other distractions, which the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says makes it more dangerous than many other forms of driver inattention. For the first time in 4 years, texting while driving rates among Missouri college students declined in 2013. The MCHBS shows an 8% drop in self-reported texting while driving rates in 2013, with 36% of students engaging in the behavior at least sometimes. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 9: Alcohol Consequences by Carnegie Classification
Partners in Prevention member campuses vary in their size, mission and student population. As such, this brief uses the established Carnegie Classification system for comparison of similar institutions in order to examine the differences of alcohol related behavior and consequences experienced by students at Missouri’s colleges and universities. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 8: Marijuana Use Among Missouri College Students
Marijuana Use Among Missouri College Students explores specific drug use patterns among college students in the State of Missouri. The perceptions of marijuana use and actual rates of marijuana use, as well as prevention and programming efforts aimed at marijuana are examined. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 7: Alcohol Consumption and Perception by Carnegie Classification
The Carnegie Classification system is used in research and analysis of institutions of higher education. For this brief, Partners in Prevention (PIP) has used the classification system to divide member campuses into recognizable groups for comparison, using the Base Classification from the Carnegie Foundation. The similarities and differences in the alcohol consumption and perceptions of students at Baccalaureate colleges, Masters institutions, and Doctoral institutions are examined in this brief. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 6: Best Practices in Campus Suicide Prevention
Best Practices in Campus Suicide Prevention focuses on the Ask Listen Refer (ALR) program. The ALR program is an online suicide prevention training program designed for students, faculty, staff and parents at colleges in Missouri. The program is individualized by school with campus and community resources. Follow-up information provided by users of the training program have stated that it is a great resource for how to help a friend or student who may be considering suicide. This is important since research shows that students will approach their peers first when a personal concern arises. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 5: Prescription Drug Use Among Missouri College Students
Partners in Prevention’s Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS) inquires about various student health behaviors, including prescription drug misuse. This brief provides information on the prescription drugs most commonly misused and the acceptability of misuse among Missouri college students. In addition, the brief acknowledges potential health consequences of prescription drug misuse. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 4: The Economics of Prevention
The Economics of Prevention” brief discusses how alcohol use on college and university campuses has both long and short term financial impacts. By identifying consequences and associated costs and revenue losses that accompany drinking at colleges and universities, the brief helps to assess the overall value of prevention programming in relation to relative costs incurred by institutions. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 3: Safety Belt Usage High Among Missouri College Students
Traffic crashes are the number one cause of death for college-aged individuals, and wearing a safety belt is one of the best ways to decrease the likelihood of dying in a crash. In Missouri, there is a high usage of safety belts among college students across the state. According to the 2011 Missouri College Health Behavior Survey, the number of Missouri college students who use a safety belt at least most of the time is higher than the national average. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 2: The Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS)
The Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS) is designed to understand the role of alcohol, drugs (illegal and prescription), mental health issues, and gambling on student health and wellness. The survey also provides information regarding attitudes, perceptions of other student’s behaviors, campus and community laws, and policies. This brief examines the behaviors assessed by the MCHBS and includes information about the generalizability of the data. Read more here!
Volume 2, Number 1: A Look Ahead
Partners in Prevention is pleased to provide Missouri campuses with the second volume of research briefs. Briefs will be published twice monthly and the briefs in Volume two include additional examination of the health behavior of subpopulations of students as well as additional key metrics of the Missouri College Health Behavior Survey, such as student sense of belonging and engagement in campus. PIP will continue to examine key health behavior issues such as alcohol, drug, and tobacco use, driving behaviors, and mental health along with new topics such as interpersonal violence and sexual health. Read more here!
Briefs by Topic
- Volume 1, Number 17: A Picture of Frequent Drinkers and Drivers
- Volume 1, Number 8: Texting and Driving Among Missouri College Students
- Volume 2, Number 3: Safety Belt Usage High Among Missouri College Students
- Volume 2, Number 10: An Update on Texting and Driving Among Missouri College Students
- Volume 1, Number 16: Missouri College Students & Illegal Drug Use
- Volume 1, Number 14: Marijuana & Missouri College Students
- Volume 1, Number 7: Non-Medical Use of Prescription Drugs Among Missouri College Students
- Volume 2, Number 5: Prescription Drug Misuse Among Missouri College Students
- Volume 2, Number 8: Marijuana Use Among Missouri College Students
Partners in Prevention
- Volume 1, Number 15: Mental Health Among Self-identified LGBQQ College Students
- Volume 1, Number 9: Missouri College Students and Suicide
- Volume 1, Number 5: Missouri College Student Mental Health 2012
- Volume 2, Number 6: Best Practices in Campus Suicide Prevention: Highlighting Ask.listen.refer. Suicide Prevention Training for Missouri Campuses
- Volume 1, Number 13: Campus Membership in Partners in Prevention
- Volume 1, Number 2, Special Edition: Missouri Partners in Prevention, Missouri College Health Behavior Survey
- Volume 1, Number 1: Introduction to Missouri's Higher Education Substance Abuse Consortium
- Volume 2, Number 1: A Look Ahead
- Volume 2, Number 2: The Missouri College Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS)
- Volume 1, Number 12: Underage Students Accessing Alcohol: Trend Data
- Volume 1, Number 11: Academic Effects of Student Drinking
- Volume 1, Number 4: Involvement, Academics and Alcohol Among Missouri College Students
- Volume 1, Number 3: Trend Data Among Students Attending Public Universities in Missouri, 2007-2012
- Volume 2, Number 4: The Economics of Prevention
- Volume 2, Number 7: Alcohol Consumption and Perception by Carnegie Classification
- Volume 2, Number 9: Alcohol Consequences by Carnegie Classification
- Volume 2, Number 11: Alcohol Related Behaviors Among Missouri College Student Athletes
- Volume 2, Number 12: An Analysis of Student Drinking Behavior in Comparison to Student Living Arrangements
- Volume 1, Number 10: Missouri Student Veterans and Sense of Belonging on Campus
- Volume 1, Number 6: Tobacco Products & Missouri College Students
Survey Fact Sheets
MCSVA fact sheet
MCBHS fact sheet
- First implemented in 2012, the Missouri College Student Veteran
Assessment (MCSVA) was designed to better understand the role of health and wellness of student veterans in
the campus community. The survey also provides information regarding perceptions of campus and community
resources allocated for veterans, as well as analyzing the ease of transition from military service to academic and
student life. The MCSVA is currently administered online every fall semester to student veterans at participating
coalition campuses across the state.
The Carnegie Classification fact sheet
- First implemented in 2007 by Partners in Prevention, the Missouri College
Health Behavior Survey (MCHBS) is designed to understand the role of alcohol, drugs (illegal and prescription),
mental health issues, and gambling on student health and wellness. The survey also provides information regarding
attitudes, perceptions of other student’s behaviors, campus and community laws, and policies. The MCHBS is
administered online every Spring semester to undergraduate students at all coalition campuses across the state. The
Partners in Prevention Coalition helps to implement and analyze the data collected from the survey, which in turn is
used to design a variety of programming at participating colleges and universities.
- The Carnegie Classification system is a framework for categorizing institutional diversity in the United States. Formed by the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education in 1970, the Carnegie Foundation has published six updates to their original 1973 publication. These categorizations have been used to help policy analysts and researchers classify the wide variety of institutions represented in higher education. As institutions of higher education have evolved, the classification system has morphed to accurately reflect the categories of institutions.
Relevant National Research Articles
The Nature and Correlates of Young Women's Peer-Directed Protective Behavioral Strategies
Armstrong, K., Watling, H., Buckley, L. (February 2014) Addictive Behaviors
The Burden of Alcohol Use: Excessive Alcohol Consumption and Related Consequences among College Students
White, A., Hingson, R. (2014) Alcohol Research, The Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Dating Violence among College Students: The Risk and Protective Factors
Kaukinen, C. (February 2014) Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Improving College Campus-Based Prevention of Violence against Women: A Strategic Plan for Research Built on Multipronged Practices and Policies
Banyard, V. L. (February 2014) Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Focus On: Women and the Costs of Alcohol Use
Wilsnack, S. C., Wilsnack, R.W.(2014) Alcohol Research, The Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Feminist Self-Defense and Resistance Training for College Students: A Critical Review and Recommendations for the Future
Gidycz, C.A., Dardis, C.M (February 2014) Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Measuring the Burden: Alcohol's Evolving Impact
Hingson, R. (2014) Alcohol Research, The Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Campus and College Victim Responses to Sexual Assault and Dating Violence: Disclosure, Service Utilization, and Service Provision
Sabina, C., Ho, L.Y. (February 2014) Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Academic Advising via Facebook: Examining Student Help Seeking
Amador, P. & Amador, J. (April 2014) The Internet and Higher Education
College Student Drinking Research From the 1940s to the Future: Where We Have Been and Where We Are Going
Kilmer, J.R., Cronce, J.M. & Larimer, M.E. (March 2014) Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Special Issue: Substance Use Problems and Issues in Recovery among College Students (February 2014)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions
Case Closed: Research Evidence on the Positive Public Health Impact of the Age 21 Minimum Legal Drinking Age in the United States
DeJong, W., Blanchette, J. (March 2014) Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Dangerous Climates: Factors Associated With Variation in Racist Hate Crimes on College Campuses
Dyke, N. (July 2014) Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
Response of Heavy-drinking Voluntary and Mandated College Students to a Peer-led Brief Motivational Intervention Addressing Alcohol Use
Mastroleo, N.R., Oakley, W., Eaton, E.M. & Borsani, B. (June 2014) The Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
College Student Perceptions of Victim Action: Will Targets of Stalking Report to Police?
Cass, A.I. & Mallicoat, S., L. (June 2014) American Journal of Criminal Justice
Randomized Controlled Trial of a Web-Delivered Personalized Normative Feedback Intervention to Reduce Alcohol-Related Risky Sexual Behavior Among College Students
Lewis, M.A., Patrick, M.E., Litt, D.M., Atkins, D.C., Kim, T., Blayney, J.A., Norris, J., George, W.H. & Larimer, M.E. (June 2014) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Protective Behavioral Strategies Mediate Problem-Focused Coping and Alcohol Use in College Students
Walker, R. & Stephens, R.S. (June 2014) Addictive Behaviors
Developing Public Health Regulations for Marijuana: Lessons from Alcohol and Tobacco
Pacula, R. L., Kilmer, B., Wagenaar, A.C., Chaloupka, F. & Caulkins, J.P. (June 2014) American Journal of Public Health